The use of biochemical markers of bone remodeling in multiple myeloma: a report of the International Myeloma Working Group

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Lytic bone disease is a frequent complication of multiple myeloma (MM). Lytic lesions rarely heal and X-rays are of limited value in monitoring bone destruction during anti-myeloma or anti-resorptive treatment. Biochemical markers of bone resorption (amino- and carboxy-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen (NTX and CTX, respectively) or CTX generated by matrix metalloproteinases (ICTP)) and bone formation provide information on bone dynamics and reflect disease activity in bone. These markers have been investigated as tools for evaluating the extent of bone disease, risk of skeletal morbidity and response to anti-resorptive treatment in MM. Urinary NTX, serum CTX and serum ICTP are elevated in myeloma patients with osteolytic lesions and […]

The role of vertebral augmentation in multiple myeloma: International Myeloma Working Group Consensus Statement

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There are approximately 20000 new patients diagnosed with myeloma in the United States each year.1 With the availability of better treatments and resultant improved survival, there are currently close to 100000 patients living with myeloma in the United States. Similar incidence and prevalence rates exist throughout Europe.2 Of these patients, the spine is affected by osteolytic and/or osteopenic bone disease in 70%.3 Myeloma is the commonest primary cancer affecting the spine. Painful vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) affect approximately 30% of myeloma patients. As myeloma patients live longer, it is especially relevant to provide the best available treatment for pain and reduce disabilities that can result from VCFs.4 The focus of […]


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